The Largest Palestinian Water and Environmental Information Pool
Title:Water for Life (WaSH MP):The Inequitable Abstraction, Allocation and Consumption of Water Resources in the occupied Palestinian territory

Author: Palestinian Hydrology Group (PHG)

Year: 2008
This report has been prepared under PHG’s UNICEF funded Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Monitoring Program (WaSH MP), which provides a comprehensive coverage of the status of water and sanitation in the occupied Palestinian territory. This 2007/08 report specifically highlights the disparities among Palestinians and Israelis concerning the allocation of freshwater resources and the provision of services.

"Lack of access to adequate, safe, and clean water has been a longstanding problem for the Palestinian population of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). Though exacerbated in recent years by the impact of drought-induced water scarcity, the problem arises principally because of Israeli water policies and practices which discriminate against the Palestinian population of the OPT. This discrimination has resulted in widespread violations of the right to an adequate standard of living, which includes the human rights to water, to adequate food and housing, and the right to work and to health of the Palestinian population."  [View Report]

"Palestinians have access to one fifth of the resources of the Mountain Aquifer. Palestinians abstract about 20% of the “estimated potential” of the aquifers that underlie both the West Bank and Israel. Israel abstracts the balance, and in addition overdraws without JWC approval on the “estimated potential” by more than 50%, up to 1.8 times its share under Oslo. Over-extraction by deep wells combined with reduced recharge has created risks for the aquifers and a decline in water available to Palestinians through shallower wells."  [View Report]

"Standards and procedures for private desalination units, tankers, and distribution points are not applied in Gaza. Water desalination and drinking water distribution processes are not regulated. Raising awareness on potential health risks related to the distribution and consumption of water with low TDS content and the establishment of a minimum palatable mineral content in drinking water are necessary."  [View Report]

"Israeli tactics are revealed through the inequitable abstraction, allocation, and consumption of water resources in the West Bank. Israeli domination over water resources and its management has been a reality encountered by Palestinians since the occupation of the oPt in 1967. Unfortunately, this reality continues to persist today with even stricter policies …. Palestinians still suffer from water deficits as well as from high expenditure and water quality problems."  [View Report]